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Carolus Luython, Collected Works
CAROLUS LUYTHON (1557/58–1620), Collected Works, edited by Carmelo Peter Comberiati and Nicholas Johnson.
Carolus Luython (ca. 1557—1620) spent most of his career as organist and composer at the Habsburg Imperial court in Vienna and Prague in the chapels of the Holy Roman Emperors Maximilian II and Rudolf II. His work is representative of the techniques of the late Renaissance, including examples of the expanded harmonic palette, as well as the alteration of imitative counterpoint and post-Palestrinian homophonic textures typical of the Counter Reformation. Luython is known for his instrumental works for keyboard, the well-documented conflict he had with Albrecht Rudner in the rebuilding of the Prague Cathedral organ between 1581 and 1590, and for his “clavicimbalum universal,” which after a visit to Luython, Michael Praetorius described in Syntagma Musicum, vol. 2, De Organographia (Wolfenbüttel: Elias Holwein, 1618) as having nineteen notes to the octave.
Luython’s major published vocal works comprise most of his oeuvre and include a book of five-voice madrigals on texts by Petrarch (Venice: Angelo Gardano, 1582), a collection of six-voice motets (Prague: George Nigrinus, 1587), a collection of six-voice sacred songs (Prague: George Nigrinus, 1603), a six-voice set of Lamentations for the Prophet Jeremiah (Prague: George Nigrinus, 1604), and a book of nine polyphonic Mass Ordinaries for three to seven voices (Prague: N. Straus, 1609). His works represent a broad cross section of genres in Vienna and Prague and how the tastes of these important Northern courts for Italian musical models was realized locally at the highest level and rewarded.
Contents and sample pages (PDF)
CMM 113, Vol. 1, Liber primus Missarum.
Edited by Carmelo Peter Comberiati and Nicholas Johnson.
lv + 264 pp.
Luython's last published music, the Liber primus Missarum (Prague, 1609), contains nine polyphonic settings of the Ordinary of the Mass, which demonstrate cantus firmus and parody techniques based upon significant sacred and secular models available to the chapel. The collection pays homage to Luython’s mentor, Philippe de Monte, in the parody works and to Emperor Rudolf II in the seven-voice dedication Mass based upon a non-liturgical text that could represent a hermetic synthesis between astrological and mystical elements that were current in court culture. The collection also includes four settings identified as Quodlibet Masses by Luython, which were derived from unidentified models and constructed in a technique similar to the parody masses.
Luython's Career in the Context of the Imperial Court (Comberiati) xv
Biographical Background xv
The Liber primus Missarum of 1609 xv
The Dedication Mass xix
Parody Masses Modeled on Works by Philippe de Monte xxi
The Quodlibet Masses xxvi
Imperial Music in the Context of Intellectual History (Johnson) xxviii
Hermetic Philosophy and Luython at the Court of Rudolf II xxviii
Hermeticism and Music in Rudolf's Prague xxviii
Hermeticism and Luython xxxiii
Editorial Methods xxxix
Critical Commentary xl
Carolus Luython, Masses from the Primus liber Missarum and Their Models
1. Missa Septem Vocum, super Basim: Caesar vive 3
2. Missa Sex Vocum, super Filiae Hierusalem 36
Filiae Jerusalem, nolite flere, Philippe de Monte 67
3. Missa Sex Vocum, super Amorosi pensieri 72
Amorosi pensieri, Philippe de Monte 103
4. Missa Quodlibetica Sex Vocum 108
5. Missa Quinque Vocum, super Ne timeas, Maria 145
Ne timeas, Maria, Philippe de Monte 170
6. Missa Quinque Vocum, super Tirsi morir volea 178
Tirsi morir volea, Philippe de Monte 199
7. Missa Quodlibetica Quatour Vocum 206
8. Missa Quodlibetica Quatour Vocum, ad aequales 228
9. Missa Quodlibetica Trium Vocum 247